2.1.09

Pre rafaelitas, volver al pasado


Gabriel Rosetti: Perséfone.

The group's intention was to reform art by rejecting what they considered to be the mechanistic approach first adopted by the Mannerist artists who succeeded Raphael and Michelangelo. They believed that the Classical poses and elegant compositions of Raphael in particular had been a corrupting influence on the academic teaching of art. Hence the name "Pre-Raphaelite". They wanted to return to the abundant detail, intense colours, and complex compositions of quattrocentoItalian and Flemish art.

The Pre-Raphaelites have been considered the first avant garde movement in art, though they have also been denied that status, because they continued to accept both the concepts of history painting and of mimesis , or imitation of nature, as central to the purpose of art. However, the Pre-Raphaelites undoubtedly defined themselves as a reform-movement.

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