31.8.07

Rudofsky, arquitectura sin arquitectos


Bernard Rudofsky (April 13, 1905 - 1988) was an Austrian-born American writer, architect, collector, teacher, designer, and social historian.
After earning a doctorate in architecture in Austria then working in Germany, Italy and a dozen other countries, Rudofsky had temporarily settled in Brazil in the 1930s to open an architectural practice and built several notable residences in São Paulo. An entry in a 1941 design competition brought an invitation from MOMA to tour the US; as an Austrian native, in the wake of Pearl Harbor Rudofsky was given the options of staying in the US. He remained based in New York City until his death, while continuing to travel, sometimes for years at a stretch. Rudofsky variously taught at Yale, MIT, Cooper-Hewitt, Waseda University in Tokyo, and the Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen. He was a Ford, Fulbright and Guggenheim Fellow.
Most influential for organizing a series of controversial MOMA exhibits in the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s, Rudofsky is best remembered today for a number of urbane books that still provide relevant design insight concealed in entertaining, subversive sarcasm. His interests ranged from vernacular architecture to Japanese toilets to sandal design. Taken together his written work constitutes one sustained argument for humane and sensible design.
For instance, "Now I Lay Me Down to Eat" is a tour of historical and cultural alternatives to the design problems of everyday life – dining, sleeping, sitting, cleansing, and bathing – and was "neither meant to spread dangerous heresies nor to undermine our birthright to make the worst of possible choices. Rather, it demonstrates by means of random examples that life can be less dull than we make it." By contrast Rudofsky makes western design solutions, if not ridiculous and arbitrary, certainly open to improvement. It might be worth asking why the standard American-style toilet is effectively a septic humidifier, and why American-style bathtubs are impossible for adults to lie down in and are as a matter of routine permanently fixed two or three feet away from a septic humidifier.
In 1944 Rudofsky and his wife Berta were invited to the legendary Black Mountain College for two weeks. Bernard gave two lectures on the sad state of clothing design, calling contemporary dress "anachronistic, irrational, impractical and harmful" and literally unsuitable. One of his lectures was called "How Can People Expect to Have Good Architecture When They Wear Such Clothes?"


“Le Centre Canadien d’Architecture (CCA) présente Les enseignements de Bernard Rudofsky du 4 juillet au 30 septembre 2007. Les enseignements de Bernard Rudofsky est la première rétrospective qui examine la vie et l’oeuvre de l’architecte, designer et critique contreversé, dont les constructions, les expositions et les concepts de mode ont remis en question les idées mêmes de confort et de culture dans le monde occidental. Présentée em collaboration avec l’Architekturzentrum Wien et le Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, et en association avec le CCA, l’exposition Les enseignements de Bernard Rudofsky jette un regard sur la diversité des contributions d’un pionnier unique et sous-estimé du modernisme et met en lumière la pertinence actuelle des principes de Rudofsky.” Pour plus d’informations…
(Source: Steffen Böddeker, Directeur des communications, Centre Canadien d’Architecture).

1 comentario:

  1. Gracias por tu visita Dafne! Veo que hay cosas muy diversas por tu blog, creo q tratas temas muy interesantes.. tengo que pasar mas despacito

    :)
    Un saludo, espero que nos veamos por los blogs!

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