27.8.07

Autoctonos en Norteamerica


En las costas atlanticas del estado de Maine, en Estados Unidos, estan las casas de veraneo de familias tan poderosas como la de los Bush, quienes tienen un baluarte en Kennebunk port. La belleza de los paisajes maritimos y serranos correspondientes a los Montes Apalaches es sobrecogedora y es lo que ha hecho d los estados de Nueva Inglaterra lugares de turismo exclusivos. Pero apenas en la nomenclatura quedan algunos indicios de los primeros pobladores de esas tierras. Cuando inquiero sobre adonde estan los indios, como viven, ya sea en Canada o en Estados Unidos, luego de una mueca de disconformidad, se oyen comentarios despectivos. En Canada la solucion paso por confinar a los aborigenes en reservas, donde no tienen que pagar impuestos y se les ha dado concesiones sobre la venta de alcohol, cigarrillos y sobre la explotacion de casinos. Parece ser una maniobra corriente para mantener al margen a los autoctonos. Estos tienen un alto indice de suicidios, particularmente juvenil y una tasa de alcoholismo y drogadiccion pavorosa. No estan integrados a la sociedad norteamericana en ningun renglon de la vida comunitaria, cultural, social, educativa, practicamente no existen fuera de algun pintoresquismo de tiendas de recuerdos para turistas o en la nomenclatura topografica sobre todo, como antes mencionara.
En la bella costa de Maine lei un cartel de un hotel denominado Abenaki, que ostentaba el clasico dibujo de un penacho de plumas. Esto es lo que dice Wikipedia sobre tal vocablo:

The homeland of the Abenaki, known to them as Ndakinna, which means "our land", extended across most of northern New England and into the southern Canadian Maritimes. The Eastern Abenaki's population was concentrated in portions of Maine east of New Hampshire's White Mountains, while the other major tribe, the Western Abenaki, lived in areas west of the mountains across Vermont and New Hampshire to the eastern shores of Lake Champlain. The southern limits of the Abenaki's homeland were near the present northern border of Massachusetts, excluding the Pennacook country along the Merrimack River in southern New Hampshire. The maritime Abenaki lived around St. Croix and the Wolastoq (St. John River) Valleys near the boundary line between Maine and New Brunswick.
The settlement of New England and frequent wars caused many Abenakis to resort to retreating to Quebec. Two large tribal communities formed near St-Francois-du-Lac and Bécancour. These settlements continue to exist to this day. Three reservations also exist in northern Maine, and seven Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) reserves are located in New Brunswick and Quebec. Other groups of Abenaki, without reservations, are scattered across northern New Hampshire and Vermont.
The Penawapskewi (Penobscot) have a reservation with 2,000 people on Indian Island at Old Town, Maine. The Pestomuhkati (Passamaquoddy) currently number about 2,500 across three different Maine reservations, Pleasant Point, Peter Dana Point, and Indian Township. The Houlton Band of Maliseet Indians have close to 600 tribesmembers, whereas there are seven Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) bands in Canada, 470 in Quebec and 2,000 in New Brunswick. Four hundred Wôlinak Abenakis live on a reserve near Bécancour, Quebec (across the river from Trois-Rivières), and almost 1,500 live at Odanak, only 30 miles to the southwest of Trois-Rivières. The remaining Abenaki people are scattered within Quebec, New Brunswick, and northern New England, living in multi-race towns and cities. There are currently about 2,500 Vermont Abenaki in both Vermont and New Hampshire, mainly around Lake Champlain.

Pero una de las grandes ironias del destino es que:

REPORT: Bush Family Compound At Kennebunkport Could Be Submerged By Global Warming
The Natural Resources Council of Maine this week released “one of the most complete depictions ever done of the potential impacts on Maine’s coastline from rising sea levels due to global warming.”
Using the latest available science, NRCM’s analysis shows that coastal businesses, homes, wildlife habitat, transportation systems, and some of the state’s most treasured places are highly vulnerable to sea-level rise.
One “treasured place” in extreme risk is the Bush family compound in Kennebunkport (noted by the yellow arrow below). The area in orange shows land that will be submerged by a sea level rise of 6 feet; the area in red will be underwater after a rise of just 3 feet.
Numerous studies on the future impacts of global warming, including the International Panel on Climate Change, have predicted a sea level rise of up to roughly 3 feet by the end of the century. In other words, unless the problem of climate change is taken seriously, the Bush vacation retreat will under water during the adult lives of Jenna and Barbara’s kids.
The Bush family aren’t the only ones who should be worried. “The Federal Emergency Management Agency estimates that no fewer than one in four U.S. buildings within 500 feet of a coastline will be destroyed by erosion by mid-century, with rising sea levels a big factor.” More on global warming at Climate Progress.
UPDATE: Correction: This post previously stated that the IPCC report predicted a sea level rise of “3 feet or more” by 2100. In fact, the report predicts a rise of up to 88 cm, or 2.85 feet, by 2100. Also, the original post incorrectly suggested that Barbara and Jenna’s would “grow up” by 2100. That has been corrected to note that the year 2100 could occur “in their adult lives.”
We regret the errors.
Digg it!
Filed under:
Posted by Nico September 22, 2006 5:05 pm
Permalink Comment (111)

111 Comments »
I’m not ashamed to make the obvious comment: GOOD!!!!
Comment by George — September 22, 2006 @ 5:15 pm
I may earn some negative karma for this comment, but…
GO GLOBAL WARMING!!!
*cough* :-D
Comment by Jeremy — September 22, 2006 @ 5:17 pm
Finally, some good news on global warning!
Comment by RUCerious — September 22, 2006 @ 5:18 pm
Is this where the word “Irony” fits?
Comment by SpudgeBoy — September 22, 2006 @ 5:20 pm
*smile*
Comment by Kay — September 22, 2006 @ 5:23 pm
There’s always a silver lining. ;-)
Comment by sukabi — September 22, 2006 @ 5:25 pm
Silver lining?
Comment by sukabi — September 22, 2006 @ 5:26 pm
Suddenly, Bush will gain intense interest in the effects global warming!
Comment by Dave M. — September 22, 2006 @ 5:27 pm
Irony is so … ironic, eh?
Comment by Badmoodman — September 22, 2006 @ 5:27 pm
Darn it….
The irony of air polluting oilmen being engulfed by the effects of global warming on the environment is too delicious….
The lord works in mysterious ways I tell ya
Comment by lib4 — September 22, 2006 @ 5:29 pm
oh my god! you’re showing grainy low altitude pictures of the Bush compound in Kennebunkport? Don’t you know the terrorists and evildoers everywhere could get their hands on it and go attack our “glorius leader’?
..on the other hand..
–d
Comment by dubya — September 22, 2006 @ 5:30 pm
RW repsonse will be:
YOU PUBLISHED A MAP OF THEIR ESTATE WITHOUT THEIR PERMISSION…..
Why do you hate America??????????
Comment by lib4 — September 22, 2006 @ 5:31 pm
Na ga duht. The Kennebunkport waters will recede when Bar sneers at them and tells them they don’t belong on her beautiful land with her beautiful mind.
Comment by clb72 — September 22, 2006 @ 5:37 pm
While it will be a tragedy if this should occur, I just can’t help but feel that if the Bush compound is submerged, it will be something they deserved.
Comment by Marie — September 22, 2006 @ 5:41 pm
Send the Army Corp of Engineers to build a levee! Quick! I’d say Catergory 3 protection is good enough.
Comment by hit_escape — September 22, 2006 @ 5:53 pm
“There is no such thing as global warming….glug, glug, glug….”
Comment by Republicans are the fear and smear party — September 22, 2006 @ 5:54 pm
It’s like Katrina for whitie!
Comment by ChuckLA — September 22, 2006 @ 5:54 pm
Wah hoooooo, so sorry bushies….Were broke, get you’re own sand bags.
Comment by Sharon Cox — September 22, 2006 @ 6:02 pm

1 comentario:

  1. interesante sitio , harta info bien eclectica, saludos libertarios desde babylon..
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